Gingivitis – is the inflammation of the gums due to plaque build-up. Signs of this problem include redness, puffy, swollen, inflamed and tender gums and gums bleeding easily while brushing. Bacteria that lay below and along the gum line, if left undisturbed, will trigger the body’s immune system, causing the aforementioned symptoms. This condition is reversible if the plaque is removed from these areas. The inflammation will then subside by itself – the reason why efficient and thorough cleaning is recommended.
Periodontal Disease – is the inflammation of the supporting structures of our teeth; namely, bone, ligaments and the outer layer of the root surface. The bacteria that resides under the gum is capable of releasing toxins that destroy bone structure, resulting in the loosening and, further on, the loss of teeth. It also exacts an extreme immune system response from the body, which is what causes the swelling. Like Gingivitis, good oral hygiene is the most effective way to prevent this disease.